Introduction to the Gilded Age
Introduction the the Gilded Age
Notes + Comments
Idea of consumer mixed reality applying a virtual surface to objects.
Exclusivity mean in a digital age of reproduction?
What is the role of objects in a culture increasingly mediated by digital imagery.
Ctrl+C Ctrl+V are the new mass producers
Research luxury design from the period of the first gilded age- museums and collections
Society of gilded arts
How is it that some people get so wealthy while others get so poor.
Imense wealth----Imense deprevation
Second industrial revolution---->----mass production------>------making, shipping, communicating---->--------disruptive----->------STEEL(bessemer process makes steel faster + cheaper----1865-1900------40,000 miles of new rail tracks------>------enables them to move out and connect to new markets----->------take raw materials ----->-----process---->-----send back out------>-----boom----->-------STEEL CAGE-----build taller, build bigger in a new dimention.
The Gilded Age (1865-1898)
Intense industrial era-inward looking
Sarcastic - Mark Twain - Not a golden age but a gilded
‘A thin layer of gold ontop of whats pretty poor’
Tacky + Mosserable
Imense Wealth, iMENSE WEALTH EQUMILATE
JP Morgan >Captins of wealth . Titains of indusrty
John D Rockafella
Rich through political corruption.
Built on the backs of waves of imagrant workers.
-How the other half live
-Invention of the elevator
New buildings/ new industries/ bigger cities.
More people working for wages
-Invention of the telephone (revolutionise the speed of buisnesses)
-Invention of the refrigerator
-Web of Markets connecting
-Invention of standardisation of time
work longer hours
Sleep before the light bulb-9hrs
Sleep after the light bulb - 7hrs
Reduced the risk of fire, increasing investment
Possible to produce faster with less skilled workers.
Paying for time + talent v Machiene
-Spread consumer goods
-How the theory of evolution worked to explain social inequalities of the period.
-White Angelo saxsons - most evolved.
African Americans Asians Native Americans Eastern Europeans White Anglo
-This doesn’t exist
-Different organisms evolve in different ways.
Apply Darwin’s theories how the world should be ordered, how classes and races should relate to each other.
-variation that is heritable
-variation affects reproduction
-well suited traits become more common
There is no such thing as one organism being more evolved than the other as we have all been evolving this whole time.
Sociologists missaplied this.
Herbert spencer -> ‘survival of the fitest”
Why are some people in a better social position that others?
Difference between classes
Confusing culture for biology
Biological deficiency for cultural difference
If I help you I’m not helping us.
-Less civilised people
-white mens burden
Teaching people to believe in a different way does not mean you change their biology.
High level of varitation breeds a healthy population
Race was made to catagorise - we are more alike than unalike
Make something poor look rich
What is digital craftsmenship?
Movement- not uniformed - precious
Brand endorsement make everyday objects are actions exspensive